নিউজটি শেয়ার করুন
SHAHABUDDIN KHALED CHOWDHURY (২০১৮-০২-০৮ ০৮:৫৭:৩৯)
President Donald Trump in a tweet on January 1, 2018 referred to the US $ 33 billion American assistance provided since the beginning of Afghan war in 2001 to Pakistan rewarded “nothing but lies and deceit.” American Govt. suspended US $ 1.15 billion security assistance to Pakistan. In response Khawaja Muhammed Asif, foreign minister of Pakistan said, “We do not have any alliance. This is not how allies behave. He also described America as a friend who always betrays.”
For understanding the nature of relation developed between Pakistan and America since the independence o f Pakistan should be examined.
After independence of two states Pakistan and India in the sub-continent, India under the Prime Ministership of Jawahar Lal Nehru, an outstanding statesman of his time, started to maintain a balanced policy among China, Soviet Union and the United States but United States interpreted it contrary to its interest rather it is serving global interest of both Soviet Russia and China. On 17th October, 1949 Prime Minister Nehru declared, “The main objectives of that (foreign policy) are: The pursuit of peace, not through alignment with any major power or group of powers, but through an independent approach to each controversial or disputed issue.” In 1953 American President Eisenhawer announced the United States Policy of de-neutralizing Formosa, President Rajendra Prasad of India criticized it and Mr. Nehru also condemned it as the military ambition of seizing countries.
On 28th August 1951, The New York times wrote an editorial under the title “The lost leader instead of seizing the leadership of Asia for its good, Nehru turned aside from his responsibilities, proclaimed India’s disinterestness and tried to set up an independent Third Force India, suspended in mid-air between the two decisive movements of our day – Communism that Russia heads, and the democracy of which United States is the champion.”
But still even during worst period of United States-India relations, India was rewarded with massive economic assistance from the beginning of Indian independence. When the United States finally decided to start military aid to Pakistan, the then American President Eisenhower in a letter to Mr. Nehru on 24th February 1954 wrote “I send you this personal message because I want you to know about my decision to extend military aid to Pakistan before it is public knowledge and because I want you to know directly from me that this step does not in any way affect the friendship we feel for India……. what we are proposing to do and what Pakistan is agreeing to, is not directed in any against India.
In 1961 Senator John F. Kennedy became the president of United States of America. He was against establishing a rigid system of alliance against communism. In his estimation India occupied a pivotal position of containing communism in Asia. More over Kennedy had a tremendous admiration for Jawahar Lal Nehru, Indian Prime Minister and one of the founding fathers of Indian independence. In course of his speech to a joint session of congress, he said, “I can vividly recall sitting where you sit now……..the undimmed eloquence of Churchill, the soaring idealism of Nehru, The steadfast words of De Gaulle.”
There were corresponding changes in India’s Policies were seen. In the United Nations in collaboration with the United States, India opposed Soviet Union’s stand against the then Secretary General Deg Hammars Kjold. Vice-President Johnson said in a speech while in a tour in India, “ ……….. our President John F. Kennedy’s high regard for India and Indian leadership need no reiteration beyond the presence here of Ambassador Galbraith.” Undoubtedly, Nehru was turning out to be a favorite of the Kennedy Administration among statesmen of the world. Many of the Kennedy’s advisors began to question military assistance to Pakistan. One of the respectable advisors of President Kennedy Mr. Chester Bowles said, “It was bad arithmetic to alienate 360 million Indians in order to please 80 million Pakistanis who are split in two halves and divided by 1000 miles of Indian Territory.”
Finally, Sino Indian border conflict started in the month of October 1962 and now America got the opportunity for which it is waiting for a long time and declared complete support for India even at a risk of total alienation of Pakistan. In fact America was waiting for this type of opportunity since the partition of India and at last that cherished dream came to reality. But after routing Indian Army Ladakh and NEFA, China declared unilateral cease fire and withdrew its forces. But still United States declared in December 1962 that India would continue its military preparation even if the Sino-Indian border dispute was settled.
From 1990’s, Indian main focus was on getting closer to the United States. Non-Alignment was slowly consigned to the back-burner. Former Indian Prime Minister Mr. Vajpayee’s National Security Advisor, Mr. Brajesh Mishra talked about the feasibility of Washington-Tel AVIV- New Delhi axis in international politics. Now under Narendra Modi Government, this proposal has already become a reality. India now has the close relation with USA and Israel. These two countries have already surpassed Russia in the supply of weapons to India. Modi is the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Israel. But during 1940’s India was one of the first countries to vote against UN resolution that divided Palestine into two states. The US has designated India as “Major Defense Partner” i.e. it gets the same privileges as that of other US allies such as Israel in the purchase of advanced weaponry. Another Agreement namely “The India-US Defense Technology and Trade Initiative” was signed between the two countries for jointly developing and producing armaments. In 2016, India for the first time allowed USA for military basing facilities and signed “Logistics Exchange Memorandum Agreement” (LEMOA) with USA. The agreement allows US to use Indian Ports and military bases. So many other agreements were signed between the two countries.
Naturally Pakistan is also changing its axis as rapidly as possible. Recently a joint military exercises of Pakistan and Russia took place in occupied Kashmir. Recently it is reported in the Global Times of China that China has decided to establish an Army Base at Jeowani which is situated within Pakistan but which is very near to Chabahar, a port of Iran reconstructed by India with its own finance. In Pentagon’s report published recently, it was admitted that China has decided to establish an army base in the above place within Pakistan. Definitely this is a matter of serious concern for India.
Above circumstances do not allow a president of a great and responsible country with the strongest nuclear weapons at his command to tweet every now and then without the fear of a nuclear holocaust.